News from CREAL
Researchers from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), among others, have participated in the 4th edition of the European Code against Cancer. The Code aims to reduce the cancer burden by informing people how to avoid or reduce carcinogenic exposures, adopt behaviours to reduce the cancer risk, or to participate in organised intervention programmes. The code includes 12 recommendations to prevent cancer and among them recommendations for occupational and environmental exposures: “In the workplace, protect yourself against cancer-causing substances by following health and safety instructions.”
People are exposed throughout life to a wide range of environmental and occupational pollutants from different sources at home, in the workplace or in the general environment – exposures that normally cannot be directly controlled by the individual. Several chemicals, metals, dusts, fibres, and occupations have been established to be causally associated with an increased risk of specific cancers, such as cancers of the lung, skin and urinary bladder, and mesothelioma.
Carolina Espina, Kurt Straif, Søren Friis, Manolis Kogevinas, Rodolfo Saracci, Harri Vainio, Joachim Schüz. European Code against Cancer 4th edition: Environment, occupation and cancer. Cancer Epidemiology (2015)