News from ISGlobal
Some key urban transport policy measures can lead to numerous positive health impacts for citizens, while others have few or none. That’s one of the conclusions of a study led by researchers from ISGlobal —a centre supported by the ”la Caixa” Foundation—and the Institute for Transport Studies at Leeds, who assessed the potential benefits for human health of 64 policy measures that cities usually consider in their transport planning.
The results of this study, published in the Journal of Transport and Health, indicate that measures like good land use planning avoiding urban sprawl, pricing of car use and better provision for active and public transport are among the most beneficial for health. Such measures produce multiple health outcomes by reducing air pollution, noise, heat islands, greenhouse gases, traffic and motor vehicle crashes, social exclusion and community severance, and by increasing active travel such as walking and cycling and the availability of green spaces.
The study combined a literature review of the health impacts of transport with the knowledge and opinions of three independent experts coming from different backgrounds: transport planning and policy, environmental and public health and transport and health. The researchers used a well-established and freely accessible online tool: Knowledgebase on Sustainable Urban Land use and Transport (KonSULT) , where the 64 assessed measures are indexed and described.
Khreis, H., May, A. D., Nieuwenhuijsen, M. Health Impacts of Urban Transport Policy Measures: A Guidance Note for Practice. Journal of Transport and Health https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2017.06.003