News from IBE (CSIC-UPF) and DCEXS-UPF
Spain has not left a genetic mark on Flanders. This is the conclusion of an analysis of the frequencies of two variants of the Y chromosome from 116 volunters with ancestors who had lived before 1700 in cities plundered by the troops of Philip II during the Spanish occupation of Flanders. The two variants of the Y chromosome were R1b-Z195 and R1b-SRY2627, which are much more frequent in Spain than in the rest of Europe.
The result shows that the frequencies of the variants are very similar between locals from the devastated cities and the rest of the inhabitants of Flanders. They were also very similar to those in neighboring areas where there was almost no Spanish presence. "These findings do not deny that Spanish soldiers committed sexual aggressions; it implies, though, that the children born of those rapes are not among the ancestors of the current Flemish population" points out Francesc Calafell, researcher at the IBE and professor at the Department of Experimental and Health Sciences at the UPF. - CS/PRBB
Larmuseau, M.H.D.; Calafell, F.; Princen, S.A.; Decorte, R. & Soen, V. The black legend on the Spanish presence in the low countries: Verifying shared beliefs on genetic ancestry. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 2018; 1-9 DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.23409