News from DCEXS-UPF
An international study, with the participation of DCEXS-UPF researchers, has revealed the views held by the general population on the hypothetical use of “neuroenhancement” techniques among academics and professionals. This research is part of the European project Neuroenhancement and Responsible Research and Innovation (NERRI) and has been published in the journal Neuroethics.
The researchers analysed an online survey of 11,716 people from 10 European countries and the United States. This questionnaire was divided into two parts. The first presented a series of hypothetical situations in which a person took a decision and the respondent was asked whether in the place of the protagonist s/he would have taken the same decision or not. In the second part of the questionnaire, the respondent had to award their degree of conformity with 14 statements concerning neuroenhancement.
In the first part the protagonist faced a dilemma and had to take a decision whether to receive neuroenhacement or not. Thus it was assessed how the acceptance of neuroenhancement by participants could vary according to the gender and the supposed abilities of the protagonist, and the perceived effectiveness of the technique. In general, the scenarios where the effectiveness of the device was supposedly higher and the subject’s abilities lower were better accepted. In the second part over 70% of the participants stated that neuroenhancement should not be used in children and that it is important for its application to be supervised by the public authorities. - Carlos Sierra / PRBB
Imre Bard, George Gaskell, Agnes Allansdottir, Rui Vieira da Cunha, Peter Eduard, Juergen Hampel, Elisabeth Hildt, Christian Hofmaier, Nicole Kronberger, Sheena Laursen, Anna Meijknecht, Salvör Nordal, Alexandre Quintanilha, Gema Revuelta, Núria Saladié, Judit Sándor, Júlio Borlido Santos, Simone Seyringer, Ilina Singh, Han Somsen, Winnie Toonders, Helge Torgersen, Vincent Torre, Márton Varju, Hub Zwart. Bottom Up Ethics - Neuroenhancement in Education and Employment. Neuroethics, May 2018.doi.org/10.1007/s12152-018-9366-7)