News from ISGlobal
Exposure to air pollution during pregnancy may not be associated with an increased risk of attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in children aged 3 to 10 years. This was the conclusion of a research led by ISGlobal and published at the journal Epidemiology. This study forms part of the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE),and included 30,000 children between 3 and 10 years of age from Germany, Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and Spain.
This work estimated exposures to nitrogen oxides and particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) throughout pregnancy at each participant’s home address. ADHD symptoms were assessed using various questionnaires completed by parents and/or teachers. “Given the conclusions of this study and the inconsistent findings of previous studies, we hypothesise that exposure to air pollution might not increase the risk of ADHD in children in the general population,” explained Mònica Guxens, ISGlobal researcher and coordinator of the study. “However, we believe that exposure to air pollution could have harmful effects on neuropsychological development, especially in genetically susceptible children.” – Carlos Sierra / PRBB
Joan Forns, Jordi Sunyer, Raquel Garcia-Esteban, Daniela Porta, Akhgar Ghassabian, Lise Giorgis-Allemand, Tong Gong, Ulrike Gehring, Mette Sørensen, Marie Standl, Dorothee Sugiri, Catarina Almqvist, Ainara Andiarena, Chiara Badaloní, Rob, Dietrich Berdel, Giulia Cesaroni, Marie-Aline Charles, Kirsten Thorup Eriksen, Marisa Estarlich, Mariana F. Fernandez, Anne Forhan, Vincent W.V. Jaddoe, Michal Korek, Paul Lichtenstein, Aitana
Lertxundi, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Iana Markevych, Audrey de Nazelle, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Rocío Pérez-Lobato, Claire Philippat, Rémy Slama, Carla MT Tiesler, Frank C Verhulst, Andrea Von Berg, Tanja Vrijkotte, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Barbara Heude, Ursula Krämer, Joachim Heinrich, Henning Tiemeier, Francesco Forastiere, Göran Pershagen, Bert Brunekreef, Mònica Guxens. Air pollution exposure during pregnancy and symptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder in children in Europe. Epidemiology. 2018 Jun 19. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000874