News from ISGlobal
Long term exposure to road traffic noise is associated with increased risk of obesity. This was the conclusion of a study involving the participation of the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal).
The authors of this research studied 3796 adults who took part in the population-based Swiss SAPALDIA cohort study and had attended at least two follow-up visits between 2001 and 2011. The study is based on objective measures, such as the participants’ weight, height, body mass index, waist circumference, and abdominal fat. These data were analysed together with estimates of exposure to transportation noise developed in the context of the Swiss SiRENE project.
"We observed that a 10 dB increase in mean noise level was associated with a 17% increase in obesity”, explains ISGlobal research Maria Foraster, first author of the study.
The study authors also analysed exposure to noise generated by aircraft and railway traffic and found no significant associations except in the case of long-term exposure to railway noise, which was associated with a higher risk of overweight but not of obesity.
Cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis were performed. Overweight was only associated with exposure to traffic-related noise in the cross-sectional analysis. The authors found no association between noise exposure and body mass index measured continuously throughout the longitudinal analysis.
Foraster M, Eze IC, Vienneau D, Schaffner E, Jeong A, Héritier H, Rudzik F, Thiesse L, Pieren R, Brink M, Cajochen C, Wunderli JM, Röösli M, Probst-Hensch N. Long-term exposure to transportation noise and its association with adiposity markers and development of obesity . Environ Int. 2018 Oct 18;121(Pt 1):879-889. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.09.057. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 3034737