News from ISGlobal
A study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) found links between a maternal diet rich in nuts during the first trimester of pregnancy and improved neuropsychological development in the child.
The study was carried out in Spain and included over 2,200 mother and child pairs enrolled in cohorts belonging to the INMA Project located in Asturias, Guipuzcoa, Sabadell and Valencia. Information on maternal nut intake was obtained from questionnaires on eating habits, which the mothers completed during the first and last trimester of their pregnancy. The children’s neuropsychological development was assessed using several internationally validated standard tests 18 months, 5 years, and 8 years after birth.
Analysis of the results showed that the group of children whose mothers ate more nuts during the first trimester of pregnancy obtained the best results in all the tests measuring cognitive function, attention capacity and working memory.
Gignac F, Romaguera D, Fernández-Barrés S, Phillipat C, Garcia-Esteban R, López-Vicente M, Vioque J, Fernández-Somoano A, Tardón A, Iñiguez C, Lopez-Espinosa MJ, García de la Hera M, Amiano P, Ibarluzea J, Guxens M, Sunyer J, Julvez J. Maternal nut intake in pregnancy and child neuropsychological development up to 8 years old: A population-based cohort study in Spain. European Journal of Epidemiology (EJEP). May 2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00521-6