News from CREAL
A 40% reduction in long-duration car trips (6 km) substituted by public transport and cycling trips resulted in annual reductions of 127 cases of diabetes, 45 of cardiovascular diseases, 30 of dementia, 16 minor injuries, 0.14 major injuries, 11 of breast cancer and 3 of colon-cancer, amounting to a total reduction of 302 Disability Adjusted Life Years per year in travelers. Besides this, the reduction in PM2.5 exposure in the general population resulted in annual reductions of 7 cases of low birth weight, 6 of preterm birth, 1 of cardiovascular disease and 1 of lower respiratory tract infection.
These are the results of a study, published in the journal Preventive Medicine, which objective was to quantify the health impacts on morbidity of reduced car trips and increased public transport and cycling trips in Barcelona metropolitan area. The author David Rojas, CREAL researcher, center of Alliance ISGlobal, says that “the results show that transport policies to reduce car trips could produce important health benefits in terms of reduced morbidity, particularly for those who take up active transportation”.
CREAL press release