News from CREAL
The presence of symptoms of attention deficit in a 4-year-old child predicts that they will continue to have attention difficulties later on, according to a study by CREAL, an ISGlobal research centre, that evaluated symptoms in 400 children from Menorca. According to Mònica Lopez, researcher and the study’s lead author, "We can now say that at 4 years it is already possible to observe indications that a child will have attention difficulties during childhood, either ADHD or otherwise”.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a major health concern for children, and is the most important mental disorder in childhood. The worldwide prevalence in children and adolescents is 5%, and 65% of cases continue to have symptoms into adulthood. "If we know that children are already beginning to show symptoms of lack of attention and/or hyperactivity at age 4, we can monitor and assist them in the process in order to minimize the subsequent difficulties they may face", explains Lopez.
Lopez-Vicente M, Sunyer J, Forns J, Torrent M, Julvez J. Continuous Performance Test II Outcomes in 11-Year-Old Children With Early ADHD Symptoms: A Longitudinal Study. Neuropsychology 2014; 28(2): 202-211.