News from CREAL
Since the start of an international effort to address maternal and child deaths, millions of lives have been saved in South and Southeast Asia, according to two separated studies published in the Lancet at the beginning of May and leaded by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington, with the participation of researchers from CREAL, an ISGlobal research center.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were established in 2000 by the United Nations to drive maternal and child deaths down by 2015. Child and maternal deaths had been falling in most countries since the 1980s, but the pace accelerated after the goals were set. If countries continue on this course, child deaths will fall from more than 6 million in 2013 to fewer than 4 million in 2030. In South and Southeast Asia, child and maternal death rates are falling faster than the global average.
The studies find that child death rates dropped by 48% globally between 1990 and 2013. However, 6.3 million children still died before their fifth birthday in 2013. Maternal deaths fell significantly over the same period, though 293,000 women still died in 2013 from pregnancy-related causes.
Kassebaum NJ, et. al. Global, regional, and national levels and causes of maternal mortality during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2014 May 2