News from CEXS-UPF
Recent studies place the consumption of tranquilizers and sleeping pills in third place among psychoactive substances, after alcohol and tobacco. The increased consumption of these substances could be mainly related to anxiety disorders. Some working conditions may be the cause of stress, and they could cause anxiety and insomnia.
cisalThis study, published May 27 in the Gaceta Sanitaria, directed by Fernando G. Benavides, director of the Center for Research in Occupational Health (CISAL), in the Department of Experimental and Health Sciences (CEXS) at UPF, and Antonia Domingo, a researcher at IMIM-Hospital del Mar, has examined the prevalence of consumption of sedatives and sleeping pills in a sample of the Spanish workforce in order to assess whether this consumption is associated with stressors at work.
The study was conducted based on data from the 2007 household survey on alcohol and drugs in Spain (EDADES). The authors analyzed the distribution of consumption of hipnosedatives (tranquilizers and sleeping pills) in the last month among the employed population between 16 and 64 years old. Using data from 13,005 people, the researchers were able to infer their relationship to job stressors - factors such as harmful or dangerous working environments, insecurity, workload and social support.
The results show that the consumption of hipnosedatives in the sample studied and considered by the time the study was double among women compared to men; double among older people compared to younger people, and four times higher among people who reported having poor health. As for job stress and its relation to drug consumption, the study reveals an association between moderate consumption hypnosedatives and levels of uncertainty in men and women.
Esther Colell, Albert Sánchez Niubó, Antonia Domingo-Salvany, Jordi Delclós, Fernando G. Benavides (2014), "Prevalence of the use of hypnotics and sedatives among the working population and associated work-related stress factors", Gaceta Sanitaria, May 27. Doi: 10.1016 / j.gaceta.2014.04.009.