News from CRG
The first vertebrate to be genetically sequenced in Spain, the Turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), has a much more refined visual system than other fish as it has evolved to adapt to the shortage of light of the seabed. In addition, the fat in its cell membranes are far higher than in other species to withstand the low water temperatures in its habitat. The complete genome sequencing of this fish, carried out by scientists from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), the University of Santiago de Compostela, the CNAG-CRG and the Centre for Genomic Regulation, has now brought this and other conclusions to light.
The work opens the way for further investigation, not only into the Turbot's resistance to different illnesses, but also to look more deeply into how other fish respond to these pathologies. The results, published in the journal DNA Research, could eventually be used to design genetic selection programmes, or possible vaccines.
Antonio Figueras, et.al. Whole Genome Sequencing of Turbot (Scophthalmus maximus; Pleuronectiformes): A Fish Adapted to Demersal Life DNA Res first published online March 6, 2016 doi:10.1093/dnares/dsw007